Difference between PCOS and PCOD
Men and Women are often confused between PCOS and PCOD while addressing the disease and its symptoms. Let’s find out –
PCOS – Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is an endocrine system disorder that affects women in their reproductive years. Small fluid-filled sacs develop on the ovaries.
Most women with PCOS grow a number of small cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, on their ovaries. The cysts are not harmful, but they can lead to an imbalance in hormone levels. They may also experience menstrual cycle abnormalities, increased androgen (sex hormone) levels, excess hair growth, acne, and obesity.
Cause: There is no known cause of PCOS. However, there are associations with excess insulin, low-grade inflammation, and genetics.
Symptoms of PCOS include –
- cyst in the ovaries
- irregular menses
- excess androgen levels
- sleep apnea
- high-stress levels
- high blood pressure
- skin tags
- acne, oily skin, and dandruff
- high cholesterol and triglycerides
- acanthosis nigricans, or dark patches of skin
- male pattern balding
- insulin resistance
- type 2 diabetes
- pelvic pain
- depression and anxiety
- difficulty in weight management
- excessive facial and body hair growth
- decreased libido
Early diagnosis and treatment are recommended. Weight loss may also decrease the risk of associated health risks, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, and high blood pressure.
PCOD – Polycystic Ovarian Disorder is one of the most common reasons for Infertility in women. This health condition can cause problems with a woman’s menstrual cycle, cardiac function as well as appearance. Women who have the polycystic ovarian disorder have multiple small cysts in their ovaries that occur when the regular changes of a normal menstrual cycle are disrupted and these eggs are not released and hence form into cysts.
Causes: For PCOD too the real cause is unknown and it is mostly hereditary and low-grade inflammation, environmental factors also play a pivotal role.
Symptoms of PCOD include –
- irregular periods
- reduced fertility
- abnormal weight gain or obesity
- cardiac complications
- acne or skin rashes
- the abnormal hair growth or hair loss
Although there is no cure for PCOD, the condition can be managed with certain lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. The treatment of PCOD aims at relieving the symptoms and preventing long-term health problems associated with the condition.
Quit smoking as smoking increases the levels of androgen in your body. Birth control pills are also prescribed for reducing your symptoms and fertility medicines are prescribed in case of infertility issues because of PCOD.
For diet, it is recommended to have lean protein like tofu, paneer, chicken, fish, brown rice, oats, whole wheat, almonds, sunflower seeds, oranges, kiwi, berries.
For exercise choose light aerobics, swimming, and cycling at a moderate pace.
Fertility drugs are available for women with PCOD who are trying to get pregnant. These may be taken at the beginning of menstrual cycles for several cycles. If these medicines do not help, IVF is recommended. Most women with PCOD are able to conceive with the right treatment and lifestyle modifications.
Basically, PCOS and PCOD are both related to Ovaries and cyst forming on them, but PCOD is not as severe as PCOS. These cysts are to be checked for cancerous cells, they’re not always cancerous though.
It is recommended for you to consult a gynecologist on experiencing any symptom of PCOS or PCOD. This will enable early diagnosis so that you can start with the treatment measures before the condition worsens.
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