Baby Positions During Pregnancy!
Be it the first pregnancy or the fourth, mothers are always excited to feel the first kick! That baby kicks very quickly grow into full kicks and punches and tickles. As labor approaches, some positions are safer than others.
As your baby grows during pregnancy, they may move around quite a bit in the womb. You might feel kicking or wiggling, or your baby may twist and turn.
During the last month of pregnancy, your baby is bigger and doesn’t have much wiggle room. The position of your baby becomes more important as your due date nears. This is because your baby needs to get into the best position to prepare for delivery.
Your doctor will continually assess the position of your baby in the womb throughout your pregnancy, especially during the last month.
During the last few weeks of pregnancy, most babies move into an anterior position, which is the best position for a vaginal birth.
If a baby is still in a transverse lie or breech position just before labor, a doctor or midwife will make medical interventions to ensure the safety of the woman and baby during childbirth.
Do these medical terms scare you? You don’t need to be, read along to find out what they mean!
Anterior position –
The best position for the fetus to be in before childbirth is the anterior position. The majority of fetuses get into this position before labor begins.
This position means the fetus’s head is down in the pelvis, facing the woman’s back. The fetus’s back will be facing the woman’s belly.
This position means the fetus’s head can be tucked in, allowing the top of it to press down on the cervix, which encourages it to open during labor.
Posterior position –
This position is quite similar to the previous position. The only difference is that the baby is facing the mother’s stomach in this case. This is also called the face-up position since the baby’s face would be seen first on delivery, instead of the back of its head. Most babies turn to the anterior position prior to delivery, but other babies do not. In such cases, labor could extend for longer durations, leading to complications or even needing a C-section.
Breech presentation –
Exactly opposite to the previous two positions, this is where the baby’s buttocks are pointing to the birth canal and head points upwards. 4 out of 100 deliveries have this position. The babies legs could be folded at the knees, could be straight up touching its face, or even straight down right at the birth canal. Each of these positions carries a risk with the umbilical cord, resulting in potential damage to the baby.
Transverse position –
In this position, the baby lies on its side inside the womb. The doctor can observe this by feeling the shoulder of the baby. This position, too, carries the risk of umbilical cord prolapse and might need C-section if the baby fails to attain an optimal position. Certain times, the baby can be rotated manually or use a vacuum to an ideal position and then proceed with natural birth.
Station and Engagement
The place in the pelvis where your baby’s head or buttocks are present is termed as a station. It is represented by a number, ranging from -3 to +3. For a baby, that’s still rather high and above the hip bone, it is termed at -3. For a baby whose head has emerged out of the pelvis during delivery, it is termed as +3. At station 0, the baby’s head is termed to be deep inside the pelvis and is ready to be engaged.
Engagement is where there is activity and the baby has begun its progress through the mother’s pelvis. Mothers that are having their first babies often enter engagement a week or two prior to labor. For other mothers, engagement occurs only when labor sets in.
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